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Unlock Your Ayurveda Dosha Type: Learn More About Vata, Pitta, and Kapha

Updated: Apr 19

Ayurveda views life through the lens of the five elements: air, ether, fire, water, and earth. These elements are combined into three pairs called the doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Did you know you are comprised of all three doshas? Read on to learn more!

Ayurvedic Types: Vata, Pitta, Kapha Doshas image of Vata, Pitta, Kapha body types

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Unlock Your Ayurveda Dosha Type: Learn More About Vata, Pitta, and Kapha

Let's explore the basic priniciples of the Vata, Pitta, and Kapha, knowns as the doshas. Dosha is a Sanskrit word that means to darken, accelerate aging, that which brings death.

In Ayurveda, we restore balance by bringing in the opposite qualities. For example, if there is excess movement (Vata)--you know the person next to you in the meeting whose leg is continusously rapidly bouncing up and down--balance is brought by grounding and soothing that excess movement.

If Pitta is out of balance, we cool it off. If Kapha is in excess, we invorgrate it. You get the picture.

How is that accomplished? Through Saumya Ayurveda's healing trifecta of food as medicine, plant medicine (herbs), and Ayurveda lifestyle practices.

Explore More:

clear glasses filled with earth, water, space and ether, and fire

What is Ayurveda? Key Ayurvedic Concepts

Ayurveda seeks to achieve an optimal energetic balance in the body and mind, so we are healthy and free to pursue our fullest spiritual lives. But what does that really mean?

Everything and everyone in the world around us is composed of five elements: air, fire, water, earth, and space. Ayurveda groups these elements into three basic energetic properties, known as doshas. These foundational energies (called Vata, Pitta, and Kapha) are the building blocks of our entire universe.

How Do I Know If I Have A Dosha Imbalance

Peruse these comprehensive and convenient lists of signs and symptoms by dosha. Read all three, you might be surprised since we are comprised of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha and each dosha plays a key role in our daily life.

three women: Kapha, Pitta, and Vata type

How Do I Know My Dosha Type The Doshas & Personalized Treatment

If you've taken an Ayurveda quiz, you might be more confused about your doshic picture and what to do to regain and maintain balance.

According to Ayurveda, everything and everyone is comprised of five elements: space, air, water, fire, and earth. These elements combine to form three basic energy properties called doshas. These foundational energies, known as Vata, Pitta, and Kapha, are the building blocks of our universe.

Though we may sometimes forget it, we humans are part of the greater universe. Just as rays of sunlight are not separate from the sun, we are not separate from nature. We are nature. As such, we are made up of the same energetic elements as the world around us.

While all three doshas are present in every one of us, they manifest to varying degrees. Our distinct physical, mental, and spiritual traits are the result of our unique dosha constitution. You can think of it like our energetic fingerprint – no two are the same!

Vata type woman

Vata: That Which Moves

1. Vata dosha is characterized by space and air. The essential engine of the universe, Vata governs all functions of movement within the mind, body, and outer world.

Qualities of Vata Dosha: Like the elements it embodies, Vata’s qualities are cold, dry, mobile, subtle, and light.

Vata’s powerful mobile nature is the source of creativity, expansion, openness, eagerness, and ingenuity. However, when Vata falls out of balance, we may feel scattered, ungrounded, tense, and anxious.

Main sites of Vata: Colon, pelvis, ears, bones, and touch.

Vata Traits: Thin body frame, hard to gain weight, dry, thin skin, dry, frizzy, thin hair, small eyes with fine lashes, and unique color, irregular appetite, irregular bowel movements and prone to constipation, scanty sweat, nervous, creative, energetic, difficulty making decision, quick learned quickly forgets, fast, high pitched, scattered speech, favors warm, moist climates, active and socially inclined, and for whom variety is the spice of life. Dislikes routine.

2. Pitta: That Which Transforms

Fire and water combine to form Pitta dosha. A universal force of action/reaction, Pitta governs all transformations within the body and mind (think digesting thoughts, emotions, sunlight, and of course food).

Qualities of Pitta: Hot, light, sharp, oily, liquid, and spreading.

In balance, Pitta energy is ambitious, discerning, charismatic, strong-willed, and insightful. Out of balance, it sparks heat in the body and mind (such as inflammation, indigestion, heartburn, and fiery emotional responses like jealousy, criticism, and anger).

Main locations of Pitta: lower stomach and small intestines, blood, lymph (the bodies inner ocean), sweat, Kapha and eyes.

Pitta Traits: Medium body frame and tends to be muscular easily, easily gains weight and easily loses it, warm, oily, acne prone, freckled, skin that sunburns, straight, fine hair that may gray early, bight colored, almond shaped eyes with penetrating gaze, strong appetite, bowel movements are regular, loose and large, easily sweats and may be sour smelling, bright, intelligent, driven, arrogant, with a good sense of humor, highly articulate, decisive, clear speech, dislikes heat and humidity, competitive, intense, enjoys planning and organizing.

Kapha type woman

3. Kapha: That Which Protects

Kapha dosha is governed by water and earth. Nourishing and reliable, Kapha provides structure and stability in our inner and outer worlds.

Kapha Qualities: Like the elements it represents, Kapha physical properties are moist, heavy, slow (or dullish), cool, stable, oily, and smooth.

Balanced Kapha supports grounded endurance, strength, and dependability. It protects critical systems from our immune system and personal boundaries down to our stomach lining and the fluid in our joints. Out of balance, Kapha manifests as physical and mental “dullness.” We may put on a few extra pounds, or feel weighed down, lethargic, foggy, or depressed.

Main sites of Kapha: respiratory system (chest, lungs, throat, sinuses), head, pancreas, upper half of the stomach, lymph, and fat.

Kapha Traits: Strong, curvy, broad frame, easily gains weight and it's hard to lose it, cool, fair, thick, oily, smooth and soft skin, thick, wavy, oily hair, big, ground eyes with thick eyelashes (the kind we all want!), consistent appetite, bowel movement is slow, regular, moderate sweat, calm, stable, steady, grounded, stubborn (hard to budge), tendency to be inactive, learns slowly and retains information well, speech is slow, deep, melodious, enjoys dry and warm weather. calm, casual, easy going, enjoys the stability of routine.

Explore : Guide to Kapha

Ayurvedic Types: Vata, Pitta, Kapha Doshas image of a bar graph showing examples of dosha constitution

Which is my Dosha? Why am I more confused after taking a dosha quiz?

All three doshas are present in everyone, it is a matter to what degree. Picture a bar graph. We all have three bars, but how high each bar is different for each person. What's more is that the doshic bar graph moves depending on where we live, the season, stage of life and our current condition.

We are even influenced by the time of day. Now picture that doshas are not static, they are energy and as such, they are dynamic. This is why the dosha quizzed tend to leave most people confused and understandably so.

"By assessing correctly, the dance of the doshas, a targeted Ayurveda plan is created for you. It is the specificity of Ayurveda that provides clients so often with delightfully quick and lasting outcomes."

-Veena, Saumya Ayurveda

So, you’ve taken an online Ayurvedic dosha quiz, and found yourself more confused than ever. Pitta-dominant? Tri-dosha? Just wait a minute –read here, What is Ayurveda? A Beginner's Guide and Beyond.

Explore our personalized services and book your FREE discovery call today.

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Common Vata Imbalances:

30 Signs of Vata Imbalances


  • Dry skin, hair, lips, joints

  • Dry digestive tract: gas, bloat, constipation

  • Dry, scanty, irregular periods, or absent flow.

  • When your period is present, imbalanced Vata manifests as anxiety, insomnia, sharp or stinging cramps, and blood discoloration

  • General sense of feeling cold, hands and feet especially

  • Poor circulation

  • Tight muscles, twitches, muscle spasms and feeling clenched

  • Tics and tremors

  • Aches and pains here, there, and everywhere at times

  • Palpitations

  • Tinnitus

  • Dehydration

  • Weight loss, difficulty gaining weight, and weight loss and hair loss

  • Fidgeting or other extra movement

  • Dislike of cold and wind

  • Difficulty with loud noises

  • Light, interrupted sleep

  • Difficulty sleeping, with waking, or difficulty and staying asleep

  • Feeling weak, fatigued, loss of vitality

  • Astringent taste, dryness in the mouth

  • Sense of wanting to run or runaway

  • Lack of focus or forgetful

  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering


  • Anxiety, nervousness

  • Panic attacks, fear

  • Restless, agitated

  • Dizziness

  • Feeling ungrounded, spacey, scattered, overwhelmed

  • Excess worrying and thinking in general (“cannot shut my mind off, it just keeps talking.’)

  • Feeling sped-up, racing mind

  • Confused, shaky

  • Excessive talking

how to in wood letter blocks

How To Balance Vata

Peruse our Vital Vata Guide for in-depth guidance of caring for Vata dosha.

Here are some tips for grounding and soothing Vata to get your inspiration flowing:

  • Eat foods that are cooked, warm, well spiced, moist, and oily (healthy oil). Kitchari is ideal for Vata as it is easy to digest, grounding, and moist.

  • Include all six Ayurveda tastes and favor sweet, sour, and salty.

  • Perform daily Ayurveda self-massage (abhyanga)

  • Follow your Ayurveda rhythm to your day eating your meals at about the same time each day, wake, and sleep at consistent times.

  • Favor turning it off and letting go. Too much intensity imbalances Vata.

Explore our personalized services and book your FREE discovery call today.

woman looking frustrated

35 Signs of Pitta Imbalances:



how to in wood letter blocks

How To Balance Pitta

Peruse our Pitta Guide for in-depth guidance of caring for PItta dosha.

man patting his belly

Signs of Kapha Imbalance

23 Signs of Kapha Imbalances



  • Tendency for “emotional overeating”

  • Depression, melancholy

  • Sentimental, stubborn

  • Greedy, hoarding

  • Overly attached

  • Possessive

This is a partial list of excess Kapha in the body and mind.

how to in wood letter blocks

How To Balance Kapha

Peruse our Kapha Guide for in-depth guidance of caring for Kapha dosha.

Discovering Your Ayurvedic Dosha Type: Understanding Vata, Pitta, and Kapha provides important insights for navigating life with a depth of ancient knowledge. Book your FREE discovery call today.

Saumya Ayurveda's three steps for transforming your daily life with a woman meditating by a lake

There is a saying, "The mind is more in the body, than the body is in the mind." The Saumya 3 step meditation process shifts us from fight-flight-freeze mode, to rest-restore-relax mode. Give it a try for forty days and observe the changes. The more grounded and relaxed we are, the smoother life flows.

"The breath is the connection between the mind and body, so by training the breath, we become calm, focused, and grounded, we slow down the aging process by decreasing stress. These practices are so simple and easy to have as part of our daily life. We actually feel and look younger."

- Veena, Saumya Ayurveda

1. Learn Diaphragmatic Breathing and Change Your Life. When we re-learn to breath diaphragmatically, we move from the flight-fight-freeze mode, to rest, restore, relaxation mode from where we want and need to live.

2. Free Daily Guided Practices: 11 minutes in the morning and in the evening, as anchors of your daily Ayurveda routine.

"Choose a couple of practices from the routines that provide you with the greatest support. Perform them while applying our two minute meditation technique and your mundane tasks, just transformed into a mellifluous meditation. This is meditation applied to daily life."

- Veena, Saumya Ayurveda


"Veena was able to help me regain my energy in just a few months and I’m feeling like my “young” self again! I love the food plan she designed for me, and all the supporting practices (am/pm routines, breathing techniques, herbs, and spice mixes) are so enjoyable to incorporate into my day. I highly recommend Saumya Ayurveda if you want to feel better and have more vitality.”

-Molly Rossini, Minnesota

Unlock Your Ayurveda Dosha Type: Learn More About Vata, Pitta, and Kapha today!

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"Veena is a treasure of wisdom, support, and encouragement. I have made such progress since working with Veena. Her advice is transformational. In every single conversation and email I learned such valuable information and gained tools that are helping me be my best and healthiest self. I am so grateful I discovered Veena and took the leap to work with her."

--Jenny Hubbard, New Jersey


"All is well here thanks to Veena and my Saumya Ayurveda plan which has been gently integrated in my daily routines. I love to start my day with cooked apples, detox tea and herbs. Your 2-Minute Meditation throughout the day helps a lot as well. Being gentle with myself is such a great help."

-E.A., North Carolina

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Discover the Saumya Ayurveda Way

We all want to be heard, understood, and cared for as whole beings, not a set of isolated symptoms. True health is more than the absence of disease, which is why Western medicine so often leaves us feeling hopeless and unseen.

Deep down, you already know what you’re searching for: a new framework for living – one that brings your entire being back into balance. With Saumya Ayurveda, you’ll receive individualized guidance to create the physically, mentally, and spiritually vibrant life you crave.

Saumya Ayurveda provides concierge, top-notch, award-winning Ayurveda care. We strive to keep it simple, so you can focus on you! Opt for virtual consultations and we'll come to you.

Our practice model is client focused, we’re not in the retail herb business. We’ll guide you where to order herbs directly online. Our top-shelf Ayurveda oils and herbalized ghees are the best in the land and we’ll ship your care package right to your doorstep.

Our effective multi-appointment consultation packages provide you with experienced Ayurveda care, enthusiastic guidance, and inspiring support.

Explore our personalized services and book your FREE discovery call today. Psst! Our clients say it best – so read and watch our client's stories

Veena at Saumya Ayurveda

Veena is a Certified Ayurvedic Practitioner and meditation teacher, and monk.

She is President Emeritus and teaching faculty of the Meditation Center.

Veena fell in love with the traditional medicine used in her family’s home, learning herbal remedies at her grandmother's knee.

These childhood experiences were the seeds of a lifelong passion. For over 30 years, Veena has dedicated her life to the world’s oldest healing system: Ayurveda.

She draws on this ancient wisdom to help others find their compass to a healthy life – and support those left wanting by Western medicine.

An experienced Certified Ayurvedic Practitioner, Veena’s deep, intuitive knowledge of Ayurveda empowers her clients to reclaim their fullest, most vibrant lives –mentally, physically, and spiritually. Veena individualizes treatment plans to each person, rather than offering a one-size-fits-all approach, so it fits your life and becomes woven in your lifestyle, naturally.

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